Following my research on alleviating social inequality, it is evident that social inequality has been commonplace in America for a sufficiently long time. The major causes for the inequality are historical injustices and discrimination. Some members of the society such as the African Americans and the Native Indians have been discriminated all through. Inequality has been characterized by lack of social mainstreaming in access to education, leadership and national wealth, which has led to economic gaps across the society. The survey also revealed that sound economic policies to counter the problem have not been put into place. Various social problems have been the cause of civic strife among the African Americans, ranging from social segregation, harassment by the police to poor institutional practices. The study also underscored the significant role that the government must play to narrow the gap, following an evaluation of the measure in place alongside sociological perspectives of the same.

The findings of the study reveal the root causes of social movements. In attempts to narrow the social gaps, members of the society join up into a movement with an aim of pressing for social change, or otherwise, resisting a given social change. For instance, the African Americans have developed a subculture of rebellion due to the continued discrimination and social segregation. In an attempt to counter this, there is need for holistic social change which relies on transformative social movements. While there is disparity in the educational system, alterative social movements find prevalence to press the society change its view on education, through advocacy for equitable access to education. Economic marginalization has also been a fueling factor for social movements. There is a need for redemptive social movements that would liberate those below the poverty line alongside reformative movements to change the view of the society on various contemporary issues. Such social movements are significant for social change.

Rapid population growth has emerged as a contemporary issue of concern. The exponential growth rate recorded in the recent past poses a great thereat to food security and sustainable development. There is needed to keep the world population in check. A number of approaches include sensitization of the society, birth control and government policies. While the elite in the society are continually working to counter population growth, several populations are in darkness with regard to population growth. There is need for an effective educational strategy to instill the required knowledge and right attitudes towards population among all the populations of the world. Having educated the society, birth control strategies can be enacted. The strategies would obtain more acceptance (hence yield better resources) in an informed society. The government must enact policies that would discourage unmanageable population rise. These include offering free social security services to only one or two children in each family, leaving the burden on the others with the parent. This would discourage large families, controlling the rise.

While we seek measures to keep population growth in check, food misdistribution is a major cause for the current food stress. To counter this, there is need to enhance food crop farming in developing countries, alongside relief assistance and food preservation. While the developing countries are suffering population explosions, farmers dwell more on cash-crop farming, causing reduced food supply. On the same note, developed countries under population stability and population decline have surplus food resources, which can be used to support the third world countries. On the same note, much food goes to waste in developing countries due to lack of appropriate preservation facilities. The developing countries should find means of preserving food when abundant, so as to have reserves for use during droughts and famines. These, among other measures would assist in fair food distribution across the globe.

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